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Chinh phu ngam

Chu-thch

Toi mn tam phan th van t trang nha Va(n Ho.c Vie^.t Nam cua anh Tran van Trac trong khi ch i than nhan ben Viet-Nam se em qua mot an pham cua nha sach Tan-Viet (link au tien trong muc: OTHER LINKS:). Toi se trnh bay ang van nay theo cung the-thc nh nhng truyen bang th khac; nghia la sau phan th van se co phan chu-thch nhng ch kho.
Phan ong gop cua toi ve tac pham nay se rat khiem nhng (chu-thch cac ch kho). Xin quy v xem cong-trnh cua anh Trac e thng thc van-chng cua tien-nhan cung nh s su-tap cong phu cua anh Trac.
Sau ay la tieu-s cua ang-tran-Con, va oan-th-iem t quyen "Chinh-phu ngam-khuc"; do nha nha xuat-ban Tan-Viet (235 Phan-thanh-Gian), Sai-Gon in theo giay phep so 3524, B.T.T. (Bo thong tin, 1968).
Tieu-s ang Tran Con (1715 ? -1745)

ang tran Con tien-sinh ngi lang Nhan-muc ( tuc goi la lang Moc ) huyen Thanh-tr, tnh Ha-ong. Tien-sinh sinh i Le Du-tong, trong buoi Trnh Cng xng chua, cam quyen, phong tc An o-vng.
Luc bay gi trong thanh Thang-long thng co hoa-hoan co lenh cam la, ma tien-sinh hieu-hoc lam, phai ao ham chong en ma hoc suot canh khuya ; tien-sinh a ngam vnh, nghe ba oan th iem hay ch, hay th, ben lam mot bai th en yet-kien ba. Ba xem th, ci ma bao rang: nen hoc them se lam th ; tien-sinh lay lam then, ve ra sc nghien-tinh an-t, sau thi o chc Hng-cong ( c-nhan ) va van cham hoc, tay khong he ri quyen sach.
au nien-hieu Canh-Hng ( 1740-1786 ) i Hau Le gap buoi binh-cach, lnh thu i chinh-thu nhieu ni, a dien ra lam noi biet-ly au n, tien-sinh cam-xuc lam bai "Chinh-phu ngam ", theo the th xa (Co-nhac phu) t-ieu thanh-tao va phieu-dat lam-ly, em a ong Ngo Th S xem. Ong S oc xong rat than phuc ma noi rang : "Nh bai nay th a ap-ao c lao Ngo nay roi". Sau tien-sinh lai a cho oan th iem xem, ba khen hay va em dien nom ieu song-that luc-bat, lai a tien-sinh xem, tien-sinh rat kinh tai mieng gam long theu cua ba, chu ton ba lam bac s-ba.
Bai " Chinh-phu ngam " truyen tung khap trong nc, lan en ben Tau, cung phai khen tai thanh-nghe-luat cua tien-sinh . Qua that nh vay, th tien-sinh co the, can the a hoc ung va u cac phep, cho nen thi-phai i Hau Le nh tien-sinh du-dat ma chan hng nhieu.
Ve sau tien-sinh lam chc Huan-ao roi lan hoi thang en chc Ng-s ai . Tnh tien-sinh rat khoang-dat, thch ngao-du vi trang gio ru tra; ngoai bai "Chinh-phu ngam" con lam bai th phu khac, nh e "Tieu tng bat canh" , "Trng Han t thuan l", "Trng Lng bo y", "Khau mon thanh "v.v...
Tieu-s ba oan Th iem (1705-1748) Ba iem nguyen ho oan, lay chong ho Nguyen, lai theo ho chong thng goi la Nguyen th iem (ngi lang Hieu-pham, huyen Van-giang, tnh Bac-ninh, em gai ong Giam-sinh (tien-s) oan Luan ) biet-hieu la Hong Ha n-s, sinh ve au the-ky XVIII i Le. T-chat ba rat thong-minh, t nam len sau tuoi a hoc en S-ky.Tieu-s Mot hom ong Luan lay ch S-ky Han Cao-to ra cho ba mot cau nguyen-van :"Bach xa ng ao, Qu bat kiem nhi tram chi" ( Con ran trang on ng, ong Qu rut gm ma chem ay) . Ba lien lay mot cau nguyen van S-ky, ien ong Vu i Thuan ma oi rang : " Hoang long phu chau, Vu ngng thien nhi than viet" (Con rong vang oi chiec thuyen, ong Vu trong tri ma than rang ).
oi nh vay moi ch xng nhau, lai dung ca ch nguyen-van S-ky. Lai mot hom, ba soi gng, ong Luan ra cau oi rang: "oi knh hoa my, nhat iem phien thanh lng iem : Soi gng ve may, mot cham hoa ra hai cham). Cau nay co ch iem ngha la cham, lai la ten cua ba.
Ba oi lai ngay rang : "Lam tr ngoan nguyet, chch luan chuyen tac song luan (en ao xem trang, mot vanh hien ra hai vanh). Ch luan la vanh lai la ten ong Luan ; oi co tai va lanh, that ang goi la tien-phan thien-tai kha cao vay.
Khi co s Tau sang, ba gia lam ngi ban quan ; s Tau vao uong ru thay ba ang bien so, lai thay cot quan ru co lam cau oi hay, va ben ghe ba ngoi co nhieu sach v, mi ra cho ba mot cau oi rang: "An-nam nhat thon-tho, bat tri ky nhan canh" (An-nam mot tac at , chang biet may ngi cay) - co y xac ngao va gheo choc . Ba oi ngay rang: "Bac-quoc ch ai phu giai do th o xuat" (Nc Bac (tau) cac v ai-phu thay do ng ay ma ra ca).
Ba cung ap li phung-thch lai chang chu kem y li ra oi. Cac s-gia chu tai va cung lay lam then.
Ba co tai hoc cao-sieu nen phai ni a-v ken chong, muon ken ca ngi co u tai ba va mon-ho tng-ng, nen a lau khong co ngi va y. Sau ba a ba mi tuoi, mi ket duyen lam th-that ong Nguyen Kieu, lam quan Thng-th hieu la Hao Hien, cung nhau chon khue-phong yeu-knh ang goi la " tng knh nh tan ".
Khi ong mat, hoc tro ong theo hoc vi ba ; ba m trng day hoc, mai en bay mi tuoi mi t tran.
Ba co soan tap "Tuc truyen ky" va dien nom bai " Chinh-phu ngam " nay.


1- Thu tri at noi cn gio bui ... (1 -4)
2- Xep but nghien theo viec ao cung ...(5 -24)
3- Long chang y thiep, ai sau hn ai ... (25 - 64)
4- Dong nc sau, nga nan chan bon ... (65 -88)
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5- Thiep trong canh ca, chang ngoai chan may ... (89 -112)
6- Thiep chang tng ra ngi chinh phu ...(113 -176)
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7- Vang chang iem phan trang hong vi ai ? (177 - 240)
8- V chang le thiep nho oi ... (241 - 292)
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9- Tha khuyen chang ng chu tc phong (293 -336)
10- S khi mai toc iem sng cung ngng ... (337 - 372)
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11- Tieng khai ca tr lai than kinh .... (373 -392)
12- Gi gn nhau vui thu thai bnh ... (393 -412)
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