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Gia huan ca



Toi dung quyen "Gia huan ca" cua nha xuat-ban Tan-Viet (sang lap nam 1937), tai 235 Phan thanh Gian Sai-gon (quyen nay in theo giay phep so 134/T.X.B. cua bo Thong-Tin Nam-Viet khoang 1952, 1953). Quyen nay do Thi-Nham inh-gia-Thuyet nh chnh va chu-thch.

Tieu truyen cua tac-gia: Nguyen-Trai (1380-1442)


Nguyen Trai hieu c Trai, ngi lang Nh-khe, huyen Thng-phuc (tc phu Thng-tn, tnh Ha-ong). Nam 21 tuoi o Thai-hoc-sinh (tien-sy) nien hieu Thanh-nguyen th 1 trieu vua Ho Qu Ly (1400). Lam quan en chc Ng-s-ai chanh chng.
Than-phu la Nguyen-Phi-Khanh, o Bang-nhn nien-hieu Long-khanh th 2 trieu vua Tran Due-tong (1374 ), v c la han-toc ma lay con gai Tran Nguyen an la ton-that nha Tran, theo phep nha Tran khong c bo dung. Mai en trieu nha Ho mi c dung lam Trung-th th-lang. Khi quan Minh sang xam-lan, hai cha con vua nha Ho b bat. Phi Khanh cung b giai ve Tau. Nguyen Trai khoc theo en Nam-quan. Phi Khanh nganh lai bao rang: "Con ve ra hn cho nc, bao thu cho cha, mi la ngi ai trung ai hieu, khong nen theo nhi n thng tnh !" Nguyen Trai tr ve i theo Le-Thai-to khi ngha Lam sn. Trong 10 nam khang chien vi quan Minh, giup vua Le bang mu-ke: pham cac van-th t-trat giao-thiep vi tng nha Minh, eu do mot tay ong thao thien. Sau khi a anh oi ngoai xam ve Tau, Nguyen Trai c phong tc Quan-phuc-hau, liet vao hang khai quoc cong than e nhat . Trieu vua Le-Thai-tong c lam Nhap noi hanh khien (tc Te-tng ). Nam 60 tuoi, ve tr-s tai Con-sn (thuoc huyen Ch-Linh, tnh Hai-dng). Ba nam sau, v an Nguyen Th Lo, b tru di tam toc.
S chep : Nien-hieu ai-bao th 3 trieu Le Thai-tong (1442) , nha vua i tuan phng ong, duyet vo Ch-linh, Nguyen Trai on xa gia en chi chua Con-sn . Thiep cua Nguyen Trai la Nguyen Th Lo, co tai sac, c nha vua vi . Khi xa-gia en vn le-chi (xa ai-lai, huyen Gia-bnh tnh Bac-ninh) nha vua b benh sot, Th Lo vao chau suot em roi vua mat, ai nay eu noi Th Lo th nghch, nen Nguyen Trai phai toi tru di.
Nam ay Nguyen Trai 63 tuoi, co ngi thiep ng co thai tron c, sau sinh ra Nguyen Anh Vu. i Le Thanh-tong, Nguyen Trai c minh oan, truy tang Te-van hau. Anh Vu c bo chc Tri-chau.
Nguyen Trai chang nhng la bac nang-than kinh bang te the, ma con la mot nha ai van-hao cua Viet-nam ta. Tac-pham cua tien-sinh bang ch Han rat nhieu, hien nay con truyen lai eu in trong bo c Trai toan tap: nh c Trai thi-tap, c Trai van-tap, Quan-trung t-lenh tap, An-nam Vu-cong v.v...Tac-pham bang Quoc-am, nay ch con tuyen lai co 2 : tc la tap "Gia-huan ca" nay va bai th "Hoi a ban chieu" ma ngi ta thng truyen tung.